As Alabama residents know, diverting one's attention away from the road while driving may result in an accident. A report by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration indicates this might happen when a driver looks at a cellphone, reaches for an object in the glove compartment or thinks about what another passenger has just said. Such loss of visual, cognitive or manual involvement is referred to as distracted driving.
According to recent NHTSA statistics, more than nine people are killed and well over 1,000 people injured each day in the United States in auto accidents caused by a distracted driver. Nearly 20 percent of injury crashes in 2011 involved distracted driving, and 3,360 people were killed in such accidents. In 2011, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention undertook a study comparing distracted driving in the United States with that of certain European countries, including France and Germany. It concluded that the use of devices while driving in the United States exceeded that of the other countries.