Spinal fractures are among the most serious injuries that any resident of Alabama can undergo. The spine tends to break along the middle of the back, also known as the thoracic spine, and the lower back, known as the lumbar spine. These fractures most often occur because of high-velocity impacts, such those experienced in car accidents and falls from great heights. However, conditions such as osteoporosis are known to increase the chances of such a break occurring.
There are three general types of fractures of the middle and lower back. They are flexion, extension and rotation fractures. Flexion fractures occur when the spine is bent too far in a particular direction. Extension injuries happen when the spine is pulled too far in two directions. This can happen in an accident when someone is restrained by a lap belt that holds their lower body in place while their upper body is thrown forward. Rotation fractures take place when the spine is twisted.